Equality vs. Equity

Equality and equity are often confused with one another or thought to be very similar; in fact they have different meanings and when applied in reality, can have very different results.

Equality is defined as providing the same resources and opportunities to everyone.

Equity provides the resources and opportunities needed based on individual circumstances to reach an equal outcome1.

Equity in the workplace comes after a diverse, inclusive, and equal workplace is established. A diverse workforce has employees from different backgrounds, ages, and genders at all levels. An inclusive workforce is where everyone is welcome to comfortably contribute and employees feel valued. When all of this is put together and employees are feeling empowered, they know they’re being equally valued2.

Read our blog on What is Diversity?

Equity happens when an organisation intentionally, consciously, and purposely ensures all its employees have access to the resources, opportunities, support, and treatment needed for them to succeed whilst emphasising specific individual need. A one size fits all approach isn’t equitable3.

Often using an approach which treats everyone equally doesn’t always work out that way. Take for example the image below which demonstrates equality and equity.

Image from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

The traditional view of equality is to treat everyone the same, but we can see that this doesn’t work for everyone in the above image. But by recognising the individual difference, and in this case, providing more suitable bikes, we have reached equity.

A further example is that perhaps your organisation uses a HR platform which covers expenses, performance reviews, recruitment, and more. However, it doesn’t come with any accessibility features which means that when a highly qualified and experienced engineer tries to apply for a job that your organisation is desperate to fill, she can’t because the platform isn’t compatible with the accessibility software she uses because her sight is deteriorating4.

Why Does This Happen?

When we have homogenous teams or a lack of diversity in the workplace, often groups with different needs or expectations can be left out. In the above HR platform example, had there been one person with a disability in that workplace, then the lack of equity would hopefully have been avoided. Homogenous teams tend to appear because of our own unconscious biases, we tend to like those or feel drawn to those who are similar to us. When this is replicated through recruitment, sometimes we can unconsciously hire in our image, leading to teams that think and act similarly.

Becoming aware, challenging, and exploring our own unconscious biases is a key part of ensuring equity in the workplace. Our Unconscious Bias workshop explores the impact of bias in the workplace, why we have biases and stereotypes, and how we can counter them.

Read about The Stereotype Affecting 60% of UK Employees

How can we treat people more equitably in the workplace?

Treating people equitably means treating them differently to treat them fairly. Individual adjustments, changes to the workplace environment, and removal of barriers are a key part of an equitable workplace. Further adjustments that can be made are:

  • Make sure any benefits offered are equitable. A great example of this is making sure that parental leave covers both parents equally 5.
  • Make sure that is equitable access for all. This includes everything from opportunities and resources to subtitles on video presentations, spaces for employees with sensory sensitivities, and also wheelchair friendly workplaces 6.
  • Make sure all incentives and rewards are inclusive and equitable. Nights out to reward a high performing team or to congratulate everyone on a successful project isn’t for everybody. Some people may prefer financial or recognition incentives instead 7.
  • Consider skills-based hiring. Many job adverts specify degrees or chartership as key requirements, however not everyone has access to these but instead, they may have the skills necessary to do the job. An equitable approach is to focus on skills and work experience during the hiring process and provide tools and support for employees to work towards a degree if they would like5.
  • Make sure your leadership is inclusive. Management and leaders who lead inclusively understand that they have a responsibility to understand the experiences of others and not question their validity because they can’t relate. Being reflective and taking actions to drive change is a key part of driving equity in the workplace8.

Why is Inclusive Leadership Important?

  • Promote allyship in the workplace. Allyship helps to create systemic improvements to many aspects of the workplace including policies, culture, and practices. From insisting on diverse candidates during recruitment, to being a mentor or sponsor of employees from different background, all of these help to challenge and change the status quo9.

Why is Allyship Important?

Our Inclusion Allies workshop creates a safe space to have structured and open dialogues with a diversity and inclusion specialist where the importance and value of allyship is highlighted, as well as providing the opportunity to learn specific tools and techniques to become an effective ally.

Prioritising equity in the workplace is a vital part of levelling the playing field and giving each individual employee the opportunities and resources they need to progress and access opportunities within an organisation. Having an equitable workplace leads to greater leadership opportunities, better work/life balance, better retention and attraction of talent10 and job satisfaction11.

  1. Equity vs. Equality: What’s the Difference?
  2. The Difference Between Workplace Equity And Equality, And Why It Matters
  3. What is Equity in the Workplace?
  4. When is Equality not Equality?
  5. 7 Exceptional Examples of Equity in the Workplace
  6. 9 Ways to Promote Equity in the Workplace (and how to lead by example)
  7. 10 effective ways to promote equity in the workplace
  8. Leaders Who Authentically Embrace Diversity, Equity & Inclusion Believe These 8 Things
  9. Be a Better Ally
  10. Why Equity Matters in the Workplace
  11. Help your employees find purpose – or watch them leave

Photo by Steven Lelham on Unsplash

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